Personal tools

Abaddon

From Monstropedia

Jump to: navigation, search


Abaddon

Contents

Introduction

Abaddon, in demonology, was chief of the demons of the seventh hierarchy. He was called The Destroyer and in the Book of Revelation the Evangelist St John called him the King of the Grasshoppers. The Thanksgiving Hymns (a copy was also found in the Dead Sea Scrolls) tells of "the Sheol of Abaddon" and of the "torrents of Belial [that] burst into Abaddon". The Biblical Antiquities of Philo' mentions Abaddon as a place (sheol, hell), not as a spirit or demon or angel.

Nature

Etymology

The Hebrew word abaddon means "place of destruction" Job 26:8 and Psalms 88:11. The role of Apollyon in biblical references is ambiguous, sometimes being described as a good angel who serves God, and sometimes also being described as a fallen angel who succumbed to evil. The word Apollyon and its variations are sometimes used to mean a place perhaps Hell itself (in the Old Testament the name Abaddon is used for the place of the dead). The word Abbadon is also used for Hell in rabbinical literature. Abaddon has also been considered the Hebrew name for the Greek god Apollyon.

Description

In magic and alchemy, Abaddon is the Destroying Angel of the Apocalypse.

The seventh mansion the Furies possess, which are powers of evil, discords, war and devastations, whose prince in the Revelations is called in Greek Apollyon, in Hebrew Abaddon, that is destroying and wasting, "Occult Philosophy", Book 3, Chapter 18 [1]

The biblical verse cited by Agrippa is Revelation 9:11, which says: "And they had a king over them, which is the angel of the bottomless pit, whose name in the Hebrew tongue is Abaddon, but in the Greek tongue hath his name Apollyon." Cornelius Agrippa was the one that equated Abaddon with Apollyon, and positioned him as the monarch in the lower shadow of the sphere of the planet Venus, which is the Sephirah of Netzach on the Kabbalistic Tree: As described in Revelation, Apollyon opens the gates of the abyss and unleashes upon the earth his swarms of demons locusts, who then proceed to torture those of mankind who do not bear the seal of God upon their forehead. After that, he is supposed to seize Satan himself, bind him and toss him into the bottomless pit for a thousand years.

"But the teachers of the law from Jerusalem said that he (Jesus) was possessed by Beelzebub, and that it was only by means of the ruler of the demons that he cast out demons. So he called them over, and using metaphors asked them: 'How can Satan cast out Satan?'" Mark 3:22, 23,

Iconography

Abaddon’s Tarot symbol is the Judgment [2]

Element

Insects

Features

In occultism and esoterism, Abaddon is related to blood red, brown and green colours, winter, the month of January, Saturday, intuition, sacrifice and challenge, the ruby and the sword.

Abaddon/Apollyon is the chief of the demons of the seventh hierarchy, the king of the grasshoppers, or demon locusts (described as having the bodies of winged war-horses, the faces of humans, and the poisonous curved tails of scorpions).

Abaddon is in command of the Sixth House of Hell, Demonic Ruler of the Abyss.

History/Beliefs

Abadon is one of the kings that has ruled over the nations of the earth. The scriptures indicate that he ruled over both Egypt and Sodom at some point in history, and will endeavour to rule over Jerusalem in the final days. Jerusalem will figuratively be called Sodom and Egypt at that time. At the end of times he is given the key to the abyss and releases these demon hordes on the people of the earth

Not long after Judeo-Christian teachings taught the name of this demon, Abaddon referred to the pit or cave that was used in mystery religions and schools as a rite of passage into the greater mysteries. Often the experience would entail the use of ritual substances that put the aspirant into an altered state in which he or she could receive divine revelation. Because the experience was sometimes unpleasant, this rite came to be viewed as being "hellish." However, it was considered absolutely necessary so that the seeker may become pure enough to encounter the "mind of God", as an angel is described as the "Angel of the bottomless pit who binds Satan for a thousand years".

Apollo-Python was the serpent deity in the Pit of the Delphi oracle who inspired the seeress with mystic vapors from his nether world. Abaton was the Greek word for Pit, which the Hebrews changed to Abaddon, which later became synonymous with the Christian hell.

Abaddon is an enigma. At times, he is an angel of judgment, not of satan but of God, destroying at God's bidding. Both Heaven and Hell claim him as an ally, other times as an enemy. It is clear that he is the angel who will command the monstrous horde from the Abyss that will rampage over the earth in the tribulation period as Judgment approaches. What is not clear is whose orders he will be following at what time. To hear him described by Daniel, he would be the Anti-christ, but many disagree.

Culture

  • It appears to have been St. John who first personified the term to stand for an angel.
  • In the 3rd century Acts of Thomas, Abaddon is the name of a demon, or the Devil himself. Abaddon has also been identified as the angel of death and destruction, demon of the abyss, and chief of demons of the underworld hierarchy, where he is equated with Samael or Satan.
  • Abaddon is specifically mentioned five times in the Old Testament
  • In medieval myth Abaddon was considered as a synonym for Hell and/or the ruler thereof, and in Revelations 9:7-11 he was the Christian angel of Hell.

Art/Fiction

Comics

Literature

  • [3] In Paradise Regained, John Milton also uses Abaddon as a place — the pit
  • [4] In occultist Francis Barrett's handbook The Magus, Abaddon is pictured in colour as one of the evil demons

Games

  • Abaddon is a cybernetic character in the popular first person shooter Unreal Tournament 2004.
  • Abaddon the Despoiler is a character in the world of the board-game Warhammer 40,000 and Battlefleet Gothic [5]
  • Abaddon is a monster in the Final Fantasy video game franchise.
  • Abaddon is an area in the Diablo video game series, specifically in the Lord of Destruction expansion pack [6]
  • Abaddon: Fallen Angel is the name of a freeware Role Playing Game for the Personal Computer – Abaddon [7]
  • Abaddon is a boss in the game Castlevania: Dawn of Sorrow [8] He is located in the Abyss and controls hoards of locusts.
  • Abaddon is a demon in the Warrior Kings Series for the Pagan players, it is one of the most powerful units in the game apart from the Archangel. It is summoned from a Wickerman.

Music

  • Abaddon is the name of a Polish band [9]
  • Summer in Abaddon is an album by the band Pinback [10]

TV

  • Abaddon is the name of a mysterious man on the television show LOST. While only seen in a handful of episodes, Abaddon (played by actor Lance Reddick)is the right hand man to the former island leader, but now banished, Charles Widmore (played by actor Alan Dale). While being killed off after only a few appearances because of schedule conflicts with Reddick's new show, Fringe, it is widely thought he was supposed to be the adviser, and recruiter, to the Man in Black (the evil entity on the island).

References

External links to relevant sites of interest

See also

Source

Wikipedia-logo.png From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia